Socials 9

Information and Media Fluency Reflection

I cited all of my information and sources using Chicago Style. I used websites with easy access to all of the necessary information for citation and copyright information.  My flaw in citation was citing the photo I used. I had only copied the URL and did not follow Chicago Style. I did, however, filter my search in Google Images to only show images copyrighted for reuse.

I chose websites with information that seemed well-written and complete. The websites included citation information and many included the credentials of the author(s).  I tried to find sites that were not extremely bias or only had one view point, but articles that were more well rounded. I found my websites using Google and searching with key words. My other source was the textbook with was a mandatory source.

When I completed my research, I summarized my information and displayed it in the form of a poster. I have uploaded a photo of it below and I also submitted a photo through Teams. I chose a poster because it was a good way to visually present my research and it fit the criteria of a one page graphic organizer.

A Voice Unheard

One of the voices of people in Canada during Confederation was that of the First Nations People. They had never formally given up their land and they were not heard in the debates of joining Confederation. At the time of Confederation all treaties and relations with First Nations Groups were switched over from the British to the Canadian Government. Canada’s new government had a conflict of interest. they had the duty of protecting the interests of First Nations People and also were the only authority negotiating to purchase their land. the purchase of Rupert’s Land two years after Confederation shocked the First Nations People, many believed the land was still theirs and did not belong to the Hudson’s Bay Company. The drive for westward expansion caused many Indian Wars in the US, however, Canadian Prime minister John A. MacDonald did not have the money, nor did he want conflict with the Indigenous people. The desire to claim the west was still strong. The government needed treaties with the First Nations to give and develop the land, some were petitioning for treaties, while others had heard of the unjust happenings in the US and disagreed with treaties. many factors for the government and the First Nations People led to the Numbered Treaties. 7 Treaties were created between 1870 and 1877. the First Nation gave up about half of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta in exchange for lands, schools, medicine, money, farms and farming techniques, hunting and fishing rights, assistance in case of famine, and the prohibition of alcohol trade. the government had been very strategic in their negotiations and unfortunately within a few years, many promises from the treaties were broken.

Below you can find my bibliography from my research notes and an image of my poster. The citation for my additional source is in bold.


Cranny, Michael, et al. Horizons: Canada’s Emerging Identity. Don Mills: Pearson Education Canada Inc., 2009. 

Gates, Michael,  “Klondike Gold Rush”.  In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published July 19, 2009; last modified March 01, 2018. 

Goldi Productions Ltd. 2007. Canada’s First Peoples Confederation and Treaty Making in the West. Accessed December 17, 2018.

Newell, Dianne,  “Cariboo Gold Rush”.  In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published February 06, 2006; last modified March 04, 2015. 

Tattrie, Jon ,  “British Columbia and Confederation”.  In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published December 19, 2014; last modified October 03, 2018. 

Wikipedia contributors, “Flag of British Columbia,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, (accessed November 29, 2018). 

Wikipedia contributors, “History of British Columbia,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, (accessed November 20, 2018).  

Wikipedia contributors, “John Sebastian Helmcken,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, (accessed November 24, 2018).  

Wikipedia contributors, “Matthew Baillie Begbie,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, (accessed November 24, 2018).